• +44 (0)161 247 3031
  • 322 Geoffrey Manton Building, Manchester Campus
  • Friday 3 - 4 during term time.
  • Who am I?

    Who am I?

    I am Professor of Evaluation at Manchester Metropolitan University and a Governor of the University. I am Director of the Policy Evaluation and Research Unit (www.mmuperu.co.uk). I am involved in a wide range of evaluation and research projects and am particularly interested in:

    • Programme and policy evaluation
    • Evidence-based policy and practice
    • Innovation in social policy

    My work cuts across a number of policy areas including:

    • Crime and criminal justice
    • Substance misuse
    • Social Innovation
    • Youth transitions
    • Education

    I sit on the steering group of the Consortium of Applied Research and Professional Education (CARPE). I’m also a trustee of People’s Voice Media, a community development organisation that uses social media to enable community engagement. Additionally, I am Chair of Governors at my local primary school.

    Why do I teach?

    The public sector is changing fast and at the heart of many of the debates about new directions in policy and practice is research and evaluation evidence. I spend a lot of my time advising organisations across government, the Third Sector and the private sector on what research and evaluation evidence says, how to use it and how reliable it is. The modules I lead at undergraduate and post-graduate level are designed to reflect these debates and equip students with the skills and knowledge to take on management roles in organisations that deliver public services.

    How I’ll teach you

    My work is at the cutting edge of social policy and I will bring examples from this into the classroom and give you opportunities to develop skills and experience that are relevant to management jobs in organisations that deliver public services.

  • Academic Biography

    Other academic service (administration and management)

    I am Director of the Policy Evaluation and Research Unit (www.mmuperu.co.uk). This means that I’m involved in a wide range of ongoing active research projects. 

    I sit on the Support Group for the Consortium of Applied Research and Professional Education (CARPE).

    I am a Governor of MMU.

  • Teaching & Research Supervision

    Why study Evaluation, Social Policy, Economics and Crime?

    Europe is changing fast. Globalisation, new technologies and an aging population are all changing the way we live our lives. The modules I lead try to reflect the pace of change. For example, in Economics and Crime we look at the 'crime drop' that has taken place over the last 15 years, the changing nature of organised crime, the rise of 'legal highs' and the impact of new technology on the sex trade.

    Faced with rapid social and economic change, governments across Europe are looking for new, innovative ways to deliver public services in cost-effective ways. My evaluation modules equip students to undertake and use evaluation and research to shape policy and redesign practice in areas such as offender rehabilitation, substance misuse and unemployment. In Economics and Crime we look at innovative approaches to reducing crime and re-offending ranging from community safety to desistance from offending.

    The modules I teach are designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge to take on management roles in organisations that deliver public services.

    Undergraduate courses

    Economics and Crime

    Evaluating Crime and Criminal Justice Policy

    Postgraduate teaching

    Policy Evaluation and Research

  • Research Expertise, Publications & Grants

    Research expertise

    My key areas of research are:

    • Crime and criminal justice: I specialise in evaluation, policy innovation, and effective practice across areas such as offender rehabilitation, community safety and policing. I’ve led numerous evaluations in the criminal justice system, many with an economic component.
    • Social Innovation: I’m developing research to better understand 'what works' in social innovation. I’m working to contribute to the development of the theory of social innovation. Currently I am looking at social innovation in the criminal justice system using 'personalisation' as a mechanism for change.
    • Substance misuse: I am interested in how markets for illegal drugs are changing and am a member of the Manchester Centre for the Study of Legal Highs (www.mmuperu.co.uk/research/legal-highs).
    • I’m also interested in the impact of changing youth lifestyles on service delivery. I’m involved in the MYPLACE project (http://www.fp7-myplace.eu/index.php) a large cross-Europe project investigating how young people’s social participation is shaped by the shadows of totalitarianism and populism in Europe and MYWEB (http://fp7-myweb.eu) looking at ways to measure youth wellbeing across Europe.
    • Publications

      • Books (authored/edited/special issues)

        C. Fox, R. Grimm, R. Caldeira (2016). An Introduction to Evaluation. SAGE.

        CC. Fox, KV. Albertson, J. Meadway, I. Rock (2015). How to Run the Country Manual. Haynes Publishing.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson (2013). Justice Reinvestment: Can the Criminal Justice System Deliver More for Less?. Oxford: Routledge.

        K. Albertson, V. Chris Fox (2011). Crime and Economics. Willan Pub.

        M. Roberts, C. Fox, J. McManus Drink and disorder: alcohol, crime and anti-social behaviour.

      • Refereed journal articles

        C. Fox, C. Marsh (2016). Operationalising desistance through personalisation. European Journal of Probation. 8(3), pp.185-206.

        H. Goswami, C. Fox, G. Pollock (2016). The Current Evidence Base and Future Needs in Improving Children’s Well-Being Across Europe: is There a Case for a Comparative Longitudinal Survey?. Child Indicators Research. 9(2), pp.371-388.

        C. Fox, J. Bannister, P. Miszczak (2016). The 2010-2015 coalition and criminal justice: Continuities and contradictions. Safer Communities. 15(2), pp.110-120.

        C. Fox, C. Marsh (2016). ‘Personalisation’: Is social innovation possible under transforming rehabilitation?. Probation Journal. 63(2), pp.169-181.

        C. Fox, R. Grimm (2015). The role of social innovation in criminal justice reform and the risk posed by proposed reforms in England and Wales. Criminology and Criminal Justice. 15(1), pp.63-82.

        K. Wong, C. Fox, K. Albertson (2014). Justice Reinvestment in an "Age of Austerity": Developments in the United Kingdom. Victims and Offenders. 9(1), pp.76-99.

        K. Albertson, C. Fox, K. Wong (2013). Justice Reinvestment - thinking outside the cell: Kevin Albertson, Chris Fox and Kevin Wong consider social justice alternatives to imprisonment. Criminal Justice Matters. 94(1), pp.22-23.

        A. Fox, C. Fox, C. Marsh (2013). Could Personalisation Reduce Re-offending? Reflections on Potential Lessons from British Social Care Reform for the British Criminal Justice System. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL POLICY. 42(4), pp.721-741.

        M. Ellison, C. Fox, A. Gains, G. Pollock (2013). An evaluation of the effect of housing provision on re-offending. Safer Communities. 12(1), pp.27-37.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson, K. Wong (2013). Justice Reinvestment and its Potential Contribution to Criminal Justice Reform. Prison Service Journal. 207, pp.34-46.

        R. Grimm, C. Fox, S. Baines, K. Albertson (2013). Social innovation, an answer to contemporary societal challenges? Locating the concept in theory and practice. Innovation.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson (2012). Is payment by results the most efficient way to address the challenges faced by the criminal justice sector?. Probation Journal. 59(4), pp.355-373.

        B. Puddicombe, D. Corry, C. Fox, K. Albertson (2012). Payment by results: Bill Puddicombe, Dan Corry, Chris Fox and Kevin Albertson debate the merits and disadvantages of payment by results. Criminal Justice Matters. 89(1), pp.46-48.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson, M. Ellison, T. Martin (2011). How will the recession affect crime rates in Greater Manchester?. Safer Communities. 10(3), pp.17-30.

        CHRIS. FOX, KEVIN. ALBERTSON, FRANK. WARBURTON (2011). Justice Reinvestment: Can it Deliver More for Less?. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 50(2), pp.119-136.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson (2011). Payment by results and social impact bonds in the criminal justice sector: New challenges for the concept of evidence-based policy?. Criminology & Criminal Justice. 11(5), pp.395-413.

        C. Fox, R. Moorhead, M. Sefton, K. Wong (2011). Community legal advice centres and networks: a process evaluation. Civil Justice Quarterly. 30(2), pp.204-222.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson, K. Williams, M. Ellison (2011). Estimating the costs and benefits of an alcohol treatment requirement. Drugs and Alcohol Today. 11(3), pp.147-155.

        C. Fox (2011). New data on re-offending for Prolific and other Priority Offenders (PPOs) and drug-misusing offenders. Probation Journal. 58(2), pp.172-174.

        C. Fox (2011). Review: Trial and Error in Criminal Justice Reform: Learning from Failure: G. Berman and A. Fox The Urban Institute Press; 2010; pp 148; £23.95, pbk ISBN: 978—087766—767—4. Probation Journal. 58(2), pp.179-181.

        C. Fox (2011). A new ‘Compendium of reoffending statistics and analysis’. Probation Journal. 58(1), pp.76-78.

        D. Briggs, C. Fox (2010). Editorial. Safer Communities. 9(4), pp.2-4.

        C. Fox, T. Bateman (2010). Editorial. Safer Communities. 9(3), pp.2-3.

        C. Fox (2010). Developing an offender problem profile. Safer Communities. 9(3), pp.17-27.

        J. Pitts, C. Fox (2010). Editorial. Safer Communities. 9(2), pp.2-3.

        G. Copitch, C. Fox (2010). Using social media as a means of improving public confidence. Safer Communities. 9(2), pp.42-48.

        J. Pitts, C. Fox (2010). Editorial. Safer Communities. 9(1), pp.2-3.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson (2010). Could economics solve the prison crisis?. Probation Journal. 57(3), pp.263-280.

        K. Marsh, C. Fox, C. Hedderman (2009). Do you get what you pay for? Assessing the use of prison from an economic perspective. The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 48(2), pp.144-157.

        C. Fox, G. Smyth, P. Williams (2009). Findings from an interim evaluation of Peer Panels – a form of restorative justice. Cahiers Politiestudies. 2(11), pp.159-172.

        K. Marsh, C. Fox, R. Sarmah (2009). Is custody an effective sentencing option for the UK? Evidence from a meta-analysis of existing studies. Probation Journal. 56(2), pp.129-151.

        C. Fox (2009). An economic analysis of alternatives to prison for women offenders. Probation Journal. 56(3), pp.289-290.

        C. Fox (2009). Inspection of Youth Offending Teams 2003—2008. Probation Journal. 56(3), pp.286-288.

        C. Fox (2009). Towards effective sentencing. Probation Journal. 56(1), pp.75-77.

        C. Fox (2009). Working towards recovery: Getting problem drug users into jobs. Probation Journal. 56(2), pp.186-187.

        K. Marsh, C. Fox (2008). The benefit and cost of prison in the UK. the results of a model of lifetime re-offending. Journal of Experimental Criminology. 4(4), pp.403-423.

        J. Pitts, C. Fox (2008). Editorial. Safer Communities. 7(3), pp.2-3.

        C. Fox, J. Pitts (2008). Editorial. Safer Communities. 7(2), pp.2-3.

        C. Fox, J. Pitts (2008). Editorial. Safer Communities. 7(1), pp.2-3.

        K. Albertson, C. Fox (2008). Estimating the costs of crime in England and Wales. Safer Communities. 7(4), pp.25-33.

        C. Fox (2008). A new approach to crime and justice. Probation Journal. 55(4), pp.405-406.

        C. Fox (2008). Arguments for and against prison expansion. Probation Journal. 55(4), pp.402-403.

        C. Fox (2008). The prison population in America. Probation Journal. 55(4), pp.403-404.

        C. Fox, J. Pitts (2007). Editorial. Safer Communities. 6(4), pp.2-3.

        C. Fox, T. Hope, S. Mackay (2006). The independent review of crime statistics. Community safety journal. 5(4), pp.4-12.

        C. Fox, D. Jenkins (2005). The development of the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) and the implications for community safety.

        C. Fox (2005). The future of crime and disorder reduction partnerships.

        C. Fox (2004). NOMS: how to avoid re-inventing the wheel. Criminal Justice Matters. 57(1), pp.20-21.

        C. Fox, G. Butler (2004). Partnerships: where next?.

      • Chapters in books

        CC. Fox (2016). The Ethical Challenges of Evidence-Based Policy Research. In: Research Ethics in Criminology: Dilemmas, Issues and Solutions. Routledge,

        K. Albertson, C. Fox Crime and economics: an introduction.

        KV. Albertson, C. Fox (2014). Justice, With Reason: Rethinking the Economics of Crime and Justice. In: Issues in Community and Criminal Justice. Napo,

        K. Albertson, K. Albertson, C. Fox, D. Ellingworth (2013). Economic values and evidence: Evaluating criminal justice policy. In: Values in Criminology and Community Justice. pp.313-328.

      • Conferences

        S. Baines, C. fox, K. Albertson, C. O'Leary, G. Bailey Social Impact Bonds and two meanings of "Social Investment". London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and RAND Europe, 12/9/2016.

      • Reports

        R. Clarke, M. Ellison, J. Ozan, CC. Fox (2015). Evaluation of Intensive Community Support - Interim Report. Manchester Metropolitan University, Public Service Reform (PSR) Justice and Rehabilitation Team.

        CC. Fox, C. Marsh (2014). Evaluation of RECOOP project to build capacity to support older offenders: Final Report. RECOOP, RECOOP.

        C. Fox, M. Ellison, S. McGougan (2014). Evaluation and monitoring of Manchester Cathedral Volunteering and Employment Project: First Year Report. MMU, MMU.

        CC. Fox, R. Clarke, M. Sefton (2014). Mentoring Evaluation. Manchester Metropolitan University, London Probation Trust.

        C. Fox, C. Marsh (2013). Evaluation of RECOOP project to build capacity to support older offenders: First Year Report. RECOOP, RECOOP.

        C. Fox, M. Sefton, K. Albertson, H. Goswami (2013). Evaluation of Grandmentors. MMU, CSV.

        K. Albertson, M. Ellison, C. Fox, M. Hennesey, C. Smith Report on the feasibility of a Cost Benefit Analysis of HMP Grendon. MMU, HMP Grendon.

        CC. Fox, . ICF GHK, . Sheffield Hallam University, . Manchester Metropolitan University (2013). London Reducing Reoffending Programme Evaluation. , London Development Agency.

        GM. Smyth, C. Smith, A. Watson, C. Fox, M. Ellison (2013). Evaluation of Choose Change at HMP Manchester.

        C. Fox, M. Sefton, K. Albertson (2012). Evaluation of Grandmentors: Second Interim Report. MMU, CSV.

        C. Fox, M. Sefton (2012). Nottingham Systems Thinking Programme: Final Report. AdviceUK, AdviceUK.

        C. Fox, P. Williams, S. Campbell, E. Oluwa, J. Rowsley, et al. A. Wegner. (2012). Interim Evaluation of Inside Out. , Prison Service.

        M. Ellison, C. Fox, A. Gains, G. Pollock (2012). An evaluation on the effect of housing on reducing re-offending. , Vision Housing and InterserveFM Ltd.

        C. Fox, G. Smyth, P. Williams (2011). Final Evaluation of Peer Panels. MMU, Nacro.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson, K. Williams, M. Ellison (2011). The Prospective Costs and Benefits of an Alcohol Treatment Requirement. Acorn Housing and Treatment, Acorn Housing and Treatment.

        C. Fox, M. Sefton, F. Warburton (2011). Evaluation of Grandmentors: First Interim Report,. MMU, CSV.

        M. Sefton, C. Fox (2011). Independent Evaluation of the Planning for retirement (pfr) project. Age UK, Age UK.

        C. Fox, P. Williams, G. Pollock, A. Albertson, A. Provaqn, et al. A. Woods, K. Kent, R. Nokes, C. Haslam. (2011). Final Evaluation of Choose Change. MMU, Greater Manchester Probation Trust.

        A. Wickens, S. Earnshaw, C. Fox, K. Albertson (2010). The costs, barriers and benefits of involving volunteers from under-represented groups: Final Report. The Commission for the Compact, The Commission for the Compact.

        C. Fox, R. Moorhead, M. Sefton, K. Wong Community Legal Advice Centres and Networks: A Process Evaluation. Legal Services Commission, Legal Services Research Centre.

        C. Fox, K. Albertson, P. Williams, A. Provan, A. Woods (2010). Choose Change: Second Interim report. MMU, Greater Manchester Probation Service.

        C. Fox, D. Ellingworth, K. Albertson (2010). Intensive Alternatives to Custody: Impact feasibility study. Sheffield Hallam University, Ministry of Justice.

        K. Albertson, D. Ellingworth, C. Fox (2010). Break Even Analysis of Intensive Alternatives to Custody Programme. Sheffield Hallam University, Ministry of Justice.

        . Manchester Metropolitan University (2009). At What Cost To Young Carers? An economic assessment of the value of young carers’ interventions for young carers’ affected by parental substance misuse and mental health problems. MMU, CrossRoads Association.

        C. Fox, D. Ellingworth, K. Albertson (2009). Economic Review of Cheshire Domestic Abuse Family Safety Unit. Manchester Metropolitan University, Cheshire County Council.

        C. Fox, P. Williams (2009). Choose Change: First Interim report. MMU, Greater Manchester Probation Service.

        C. Fox, P. Williams (2009). Evaluation of Choose Change: First Annual Report. MMU, Greater Manchester Probation Service.

        G. Smyth, P. Williams, L. Heywood, C. Fox (2009). Evaluation of Peer Panels: Second Interim Report. MMU, Nacro.

        C. Fox, F. Warburton, D. Ellingworth (2009). Manchester RAN Evaluation: Final Report. MMU, Manchester City Council.

        A. Wickens, S. Earnshaw, C. Fox (2009). The costs, barriers and benefits of involving volunteers from under-represented groups: Interim Report. The Commission for the Compact, The Commission for the Compact.

        C. Fox, G. Pollock, K. Albertson (2008). An economic evaluation of young carers interventions. MMU, The CrossRoads Association.

        C. Fox, G. Smyth, P. Williams (2008). Evaluation of Peer Panels: First Interim Report. MMU, Nacro.

      • Other

        C. Fox, J. Kennedy, S. Afzal Value for money? Cost analysis in crime reduction.

        C. Fox (2011). Interim evaluation findings from the London Youth Reducing Re-offending Programme. Probation Journal. 58, 408-410.

        C. Fox (2011). Early lessons from the Social Impact Bond at HMP Peterborough. Probation Journal. 58, 407-408.

  • Engagement & Knowledge Exchange