Office location 6.11a Business School, Manchester Campus
Who am I?
Who am I?
My psychology degree from Warwick University was followed, after some years working in system development, by an MSc in Cognition, Computing and Psychology (also Warwick). This exposed me to human factors and artificial intelligence. My PhD research (Loughborough) was in the area of representing interaction between human or computer agents within complex real-time systems, dealing with real-time cognitive ergonomics. This has potential applications in areas as diverse as air traffic control and international banking.
I was a Short-Term Research Fellow with BT (British Telecom) in the summer of 1989. The focus of the project was on object-oriented interfaces for communications equipment.
Practitioner Business Technology experience has been gained with full-time posts in system design and implementation for the electricity supply industry, telecommunications manufacture, and finance. With HSBC (then Midland Bank) I worked on and developed expert systems in the fields of systems development, and company finance. Additionally, I've done system development work for the NHS in the field of life-style advice.
Employment and Consultancy
My employment experience spans public and private sectors, in manufacturing, finance, health, and energy services. Within manufacturing I took my first graduate job for ITT, employed as a trainee programmer on telephone exchange support systems. From here I moved to The London Electricity Board as a programmer, and was promoted to programmer analyst. The manual input required for many tasks that should have been automated led me to take a year out for my masters. This was essentially in human-computer interaction and artificial intelligence (AI). On graduating I took a post at Midland Bank (now HSBC) to work on AI based systems. Despite the opportunities within banking, (I turned down promotion) I moved into academe.
I have provided consultancy services for the NHS (development of an object-oriented program to advise on health and lifestyle), and for a bank in Northern Ireland (computer systems security training). I am also an Examiner for a professional body in the domain of accounting and finance.
Other academic service (administration and management)
Teaching at undergraduate and postgraduate level. iBusiness degree development team. Health and safety representative for the Division of Marketing, Operations and Digital Business.
Research Expertise, Publications & Grants
My current research is in two areas: sustainable homeworking (the workhouse Project) and User Experience. Sustainable homeworking is in the context of UK housing being the smallest in Europe and other major Western economies. If commuting is to be avoided, for financial, efficiency, and ecological reasons, then effective working at home needs to be possible. How can the home environment be improved to make this so? Other recent research is in the area of public forums as a source of data on user experiences (UX) in live situations. Other teaching research has been on the use of video in assessment. This identified benefits to dyslexic students, and to some international students.
Books (authored/edited/special issues)
PJA. Scown, P. Thompson (1993). Systems Evaluation and Control. CAEP Ltd INAL-WB-31A.
PJA. Scown (1993). Systems and Structures. Certified Accountants Educational Projects Ltd INAL-WB-11A.
R. Wang, P. Scown, C. Urquhart, J. Hardman (2014). Tapping the educational potential of Facebook: Guidelines for use in higher education. Education and Information Technologies. 19(1), pp.21-39.
PJA. Scown (2010). Building a Learning Community: Students Teaching Students Using Video Podcasts. J. Foster. In: Collaborative Information Behaviour: User Engagement and Communication Sharing. Information Science Reference, pp.127-140.
PJA. Scown The Workhouse Project: Facilitating Telecommuting Through Improved Design of Architecture, Interiors, and Technology. University of Hull, United Kingdom, 12/10/2017.
PJA. Scown, R. Adams, S. Stone A Pilot Study of Homeworking: WorkHouse. St Catherine's College, Oxford, United Kingdom, 1/1/2017.
PJA. Scown Video as a Medium for Assessment. Gateshead, UK, 1/7/2012.
PJA. Scown A Degree From the Unseen University: It's not Magic, It Is Fully Flexible Learning. Manchester Piccadilly Hotel, UK, 1/4/2012.
PJA. Scown The Unseen University: Fully-Flexible Degrees Enabled By Technology. OU/HEA, Milton Keynes, UK, 20/10/2011.
R. Wang, C. Urquhart, P. Scown, J. Hardman (2010). Tapping the Educational Potential of Facebook: Leveraging Social Capital and Knowledge. In: AMCIS. 1/1/2010. pp.308-308.
PJA. Scown Debate: The Time Has Come For The End of Degree Classifications. MMU, Manchester, UK, 11/9/2009.
PJA. Scown (2009). HCI Education in a Business School: Outside Their Box. In: Proceedings of HCI Educators 2009. University of Abertay, UK, 1/4/2009.
PJA. Scown Assessment By Podcast. JISC (online), 18/6/2008.
PJA. Scown Video for Peer to Peer Education - Poster. Athens, 1/1/2008.
PJA. Scown Student Created Podcasts in a Business School. Warwick University, 1/1/2008.
PJA. Scown Videos in Assessment. MMUBS, Manchester, UK, 27/4/2007.
PJA. Scown The Importance of Computer Usability. Doncaster and Bassetlaw NHS Hospitals, Doncaster Royal Infirmary, Doncaster, UK, 1/8/2006.
E. Williamson, PJA. Scown Passenger Information Requirements: A Potential Application for Knowledge Needs Analysis. Pisa, Italy, 18/9/2002.
Z. Elsammani, PJA. Scown, R. Hackney (2001). Innovation-Decision Process of Web Site Adoption by SMEs: A Case Study Approach. In: Proceedings of BITWorld 2001. Cairo, 4/6/2001.
Z. Elsammani, PJA. Scown, R. Hackney (2001). A Case Study of the Impact of a Diffusion Agent on SMEs Adoption of Web Presence. In: Proceedings of UKAIS 2001. Portsmouth, UK, 18/4/2001.
Z. Elsammani, PJA. Scown, R. Hackney The Role of Diffusion Agents in Augmenting an SME's Web Presence. Toronto, Canada, 1/1/2001.
Z. Elsammani, PJA. Scown, R. Hackney (2000). A Case Study of the Impact of a Diffusion Agent on SME's Adoption of a Web Presence. In: Proceedings of the 6th UKAIS Conference. University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, UK, 1/4/2000.
J. Whatley, M. Beer, G. Staniford, PJA. Scown (1999). Group Project Support Agents for Helping Students Work On-Line. In: Proceedings of HCI International 1999. Munich, 1/1/1999.
Z. Elsammani, PJA. Scown How SMEs Perceive and Develop Their Web Presence. 1/1/1999.
P. Scown (1998). Improving the procurement process: Humanizing accountants with a human factors education. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems, ICIS 1998. Helsinki, Finland, 1/12/1998. pp.1-7.
JE. Whatley, PJA. Scown Modelling Knowledge Needs for Humans to Interact With Multi-Agent Systems. Paris, 1/7/1998.
PJA. Scown, J. Whatley (1998). Human-Computer Interactions in Multi-Agent Real-Time Systems. In: Proceedings of Manufacturing Agility & Hybrid Automation II. Hong Kong, 1/1/1998.
JE. Whatley, PJA. Scown A Proposed Tool for Modelling Real-Time Interactions Between Multiple Agents. London, 1/1/1998.
PJA. Scown, JE. Whatley (1997). Designing Interactions in Multi-Agent Real-Time Systems. In: Proceedings of ALLFN97 - first international conference on allocation of function. Galway, 1/1/1997. pp.383-394.
PJA. Scown, JE. Whatley (1996). Knowledge Needs Analysis for Complex Systems. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference in Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics. Stratford Upon Avon, UK, 1/10/1996.
PJA. Scown (1995). The Usefulness of an HCI Syllabus. In: Proceedings of Interact'95. 1/1/1995.
PJA. Scown, L. Elliott, J. Gajtkowska (1994). HealthCare: A Program to Analyse and Advise on Diet and Exercise. In: Proceedings of HC'94 Current Perspectives in Health Care Computing. 1/1/1994. pp.80-87.
PJA. Scown (1992). Real-Time Issues in Multi-Agent Computer Systems. In: Proceedings of the EWHCI'92 (joint ACM & ISCTI) Conference. 1/1/1992. pp.158-166.
PJA. Scown (2010). Fellowship in Academic Practice: Unfreezing Staff and Faculty Behaviours on Assessment. , CELT and Assessment CoP.
PJA. Scown (2008). Assessment by Podcast.
PJA. Scown Short-Term Fellowship.
PJA. Scown Fellowship in Academic Practice.
E. Williamson, PJA. Scown (2002). Passenger Information Requirements: A Potential Application for Knowledge Needs Analysis.
A. Life, M. Kirby, H. Istance, L. Hole, A. Crombie, et al.PJA. Scown, B. McManus. (1995). Whither HCI Education in the UK?.
T. Green, J. Dowell, PJA. Scown, R. Pagano (1995). Conference Report: HCI94. 29-31.