2015 - Doctor of Philosophy. Manchester Metropolitan University. Thesis Title: 'The development of Social Enterprise in the UK: Some operational and theoretical contributions to knowledge'
2005 - Masters in Research. Manchester Metropolitan University.
2004 - Postgraduate Diploma in Management Studies. University of Leicester.
1999 - Postgraduate Certificate in Management Studies. University of Leicester.
1992 - Bachelor of Science, Print & Photographic Technology with Social Studies of Technology and Philosophy of Science. Manchester Metropolitan University.
I joined MMU in 2000 as a Research Assistant in Manchester Institute of Popular Culture in the Department of Sociology. I moved across to MMUBS in 2002 as a Research Fellow in the Centre for Enterprise and worked on several ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council), ERDF (European Regeneration Development Fund) and ESF (European Social Fund) projects between then and 2009, before I moved across to the Department of Management taking up the post of Senior Lecturer.
I gained my PhD (by publication) entitled 'The development of Social Enterprise in the UK: Some operational and theoretical contributions to knowledge' in June 2015 from MMU.
I have a Masters in Research from MMU, a Post-Graduate Diploma in Management and a Post-Graduate Certificate in Management, both from University of Leicester. My first degree was a BSc (Hons) Combined Studies of Printing and Photographic Science with Social Studies of Technology and I also have a Higher National Diploma in Printing Management.
I also have Industrial experience of 16 years in the printing industry, including; HMSO (Her Majestys Stationery Office), Remploy Limited and numerous roles in SMEs. So private, public and third sector experience.
Other academic service (administration and management)
Level 7 Critical Management Studies Unit Leader & Tutor
Level 6 Entrepreneurs, Business and Society Unit Leader & Tutor
PhD supervisions, currently 5 students.
Mike is also involved in scholarly research.
2012 - ESRC Seminar Series Award (with Alex Nicholls, Simon Teasdale and Pascal Dey) entitled Re-constructing Social Enterprise, engaging in critical perspectives in social enterprise. For more details: visit http://criticalse.weebly.com/report.html
2011 - ESRC Third Sector Placement Fellowship, with colleagues in MMU (Sue Baines, Madeleine Jarvis, Val Antcliff and Lynn Martin), working with Sian Lockwood OBE Community Catalysts CIC, exploring ways of capturing the economic and social value of micro-providers (very small businesses) in the social care sector/ personalisation. For more details: visit Impact:http://www.business.mmu.ac.uk/impact/
Within Critical Management Studies we explore normative and alternative forms of organisation. Students debate topics such as neoliberalism, managerialism and globalisation.
Within Entrepreneurs Business & Society we explore both entrepreneurship and social enterprise. With a little punk music and football in critiquing the topic.
PhD Student supervision;
Andrew Baird is studying for his PhD in social entrepreneurship in the UK and Netherlands.
Paul Dobson is studying for his PhD in marketing and charitable trading organisations.
Jonathan Sibley is studying for his PhD in sport and CSR.
Level 6 Entrepreneurs, Business and Society Unit Leader & Tutor
Level 7 Critical Management Studies Unit Leader & Tutor
Postgraduate supervision (completed/in progress)
I currently have 4 postgraduate supervisions in progress.
External examiner roles
I have recently completed an external examiner role at University of Leeds.
I am currently an external examiner at Huddersfield University.
Research Expertise, Publications & Grants
Mike's research interests in Social Enterprise are: (i) The challenges in the business model and balancing social and enterprise. (ii) Defining of social enterprise. (iii) Ethical Capital. (iv) The complexities in and between social enterprises, including those in transition from grant funding to contact funded to those that trade with customers. (v) The management practices of social enterprises. (vi) Capturing and reporting social value in small social businesses. (vii) Football; value, social responsibility, governance and ownership
Track Chair of The Social, Environmental and Ethical Enterprise stream at the Annual International Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conferences.
Guest Editor of IJEBR (International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research) 2008, 2018
I am involved in a number of research collaborations, see projects and publications for details.
R. Spear, S. Teasdale, F. Lyon, R. Hazenberg, M. Aiken, et al.MF. Bull, A. Kopec. (2017). Working Papers, No 40. Liege: Social enterprise in the UK: Models and Trajectories. In: The International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) Project. EMES,
M. Bull, S. Baines (2011). NHS Supply Chain Event Balance. Manchester, UK, 1/10/2011.
MF. Bull (2011). Small is Beautiful? Evidencing the Impact of Micro-Providers of Care. MERCi, Manchester, UK, 1/9/2011.
MF. Bull (2011). Introduction to Diagnostic Tools. Turning Point (Charity), Manchester, UK, 1/9/2011.
MF. Bull (2011). NHS and Social Enterprise. Westminster, London, UK, 1/5/2011.
MF. Bull (2011). Tea With the Prof - Social Enterprise. Council Chambers, MMU, Manchester, UK, 25/1/2011.
MF. Bull, L. Martin, S. Baines, V. Antcliff, M. Jarvis (2011). Evidencing Added Value? of Micro-Providers in the Personalisation of Health and Social Care. London South Bank University, 1/1/2011.
P. Seanor, MF. Bull, S. Baines (2011). Context, Narratives, Drawings & Boundary Objects: Where Social Enterprises Draw The Line. Sheffield, 1/1/2011.
M. Bull, S. Baines Personalisation and Micro-Providers. MMU, Manchester, UK, 1/11/2010.
J. Fisher, S. Baines, M. Rayner, M. Bull (2010). Personalisation and the Co-operative Tradition. Copenhagen: Danish National Centre for Social Research, 21/6/2010.
S. Baines, MF. Bull, J. Fisher, M. Rayner (2010). The Co-operative Tradition and Personalisation of Health and Social Care. London, 1/1/2010.
MF. Bull, S. Baines, J. Fisher, V. Antcliff, A. Ashton (2010). Evidencing Added Value of Micro-Providers in the Personalisation of Health and Social Care. Oxford, 1/1/2010.
J. Fisher, S. Baines, MF. Bull, M. Rayner (2010). The Co-operative Tradition and Personalisation of Health and Social Care. Copenhagen, Denmark, 1/1/2010.
MF. Bull, S. Baines, R. Woolrych Commissioning, Contracts and Connectivity. Is It Really Happening? Looking at the Engagement Between NHS and Third Sector in Manchester. Oxford, 14/9/2009.
R. Ridley-Duff, T. Chadwick-Coule, MF. Bull (2009). Developing a Governance Diagnostic Tool for Social Enterprise. Oxford, 1/1/2009.
S. Baines, MF. Bull, R. Woolrych (2009). Engaging Third Sector Suppliers to the NHS. Liverpool, 1/1/2009.
MF. Bull, P. Turner, C. Schofield Building Critical Reflection in Small Firms: The Tale of 3 Diagnostic Tools. Liverpool, 1/1/2009.
MF. Bull, R. Ridley-Duff, D. Foster, P. Seanor (2008). Ethical Capital: The Neglected Aspect in the Conceptualisation of Social Enterprise. London South Bank University, 1/1/2008.
MF. Bull, R. Ridley-Duff, D. Foster, P. Seanor (2008). Seeing Social Enterprise Through the Theoretical Conceptualisation of Ethical Capital. Belfast, 1/1/2008.
MF. Bull (2007). Tales From the Pitface, A Presentation of Research Findings Using a Organisational Diagnostic Tool. ESRC, Manchester, UK, 1/10/2007.
P. Seanor, MF. Bull, R. Ridley-Duff (2007). Mapping Social Enterprise: Do Social Enterprise Actors Draw Straight Lines or Circles? Exploring How Key Actors Active in Social Enterprise Make Sense of Their Location, Ethos, Practices and Opportunities Through Drawings and Models. London South Bank University, 4/7/2007.
MF. Bull (2007). Social Enterprise Theory and Practice: Tales From the Pit Face. Manchester, 1/1/2007.
P. Seanor, MF. Bull, R. Ridley-Duff (2007). Contradictions in Social Enterprise. Glasgow, 1/1/2007.
MF. Bull (2006). Critical Reflections on Social Enterprise. MMU, Manchester, UK, 1/11/2006.
MF. Bull Balance: The Development of a Social Enterprise Business Performance Analysis Tool. London South Bank University, 22/6/2006.
MF. Bull, H. Crompton, D. Jayawarna (2006). Coming From The Heart. Cardiff, 1/1/2006.
C. Hewson, MF. Bull (2006). So Whats Social About Social Enterprise. Manchester Metropolitan University Business School, 1/1/2006.
MF. Bull A Holistic View of Marketing: Activity Theory Methodology. Manchester Metropolitan University Business School, 1/1/2005.
H. Crompton, MF. Bull (2005). Supporting Organisational Development in Social Enterprises. Blackpool, 1/1/2005.
MF. Bull (2004). Sense Making in Marketing Decisions. Manchester Metropolitan University Business School, 1/1/2004.
MF. Bull (2004). Sense Making in Small Firm Marketing Decisions (Doctoral conference paper). St Andrews, 1/1/2004.
MF. Bull, A. Ashton (2011). Baseline Survey: Mapping Micro-Providers in the Personalisation of Health and Social Care. MMU
MF. Bull (2006). Balance: Unlocking Performance in Social Enterprises. MMUBS, ESF.
MF. Bull, H. Crompton (2005). Business Practices in Social Enterprises. MMUBS, ESF.
T. Berry, MF. Bull, R. Holt, B. Sweeting (2003). A Report on Financial Management and Cost Management in Small and Medium Size Enterprises on or near Trafford Park, Manchester. Centre for Enterprise and The Centre for Professional Accounting, MMUBS
M. Banks, MF. Bull (2002). Innovation and Change in SMEs: The Greater Manchester Clothing Sector. MMU Department of Sociology, ESF.
A. Brown, D. Wynne, MF. Bull (2001). The Sports Development Impact of the Manchester 2002 Commonwealth Games: Initial Baseline Study: Final Report. UK Sport, London, UK Sports Council.
Recent Keynote public speaking events:
2016 - Bull, M (2016) Shape sorting: Towards Defining Social Enterprise in the UK. International Conference: Transforming Emerging Economies through Sustainability and Innovations in Businesses (IC TEE 2016). Venue: Christ University, Bengaluru, Karnataka State, India. Date: November 8 and 9, 2016. Institute of Management, Christ University, Bengaluru, India in collaboration with Master Sustainable Development and Organizations, Paris- Dauphine University, Paris, France
2015 - Bull, M (2015) Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and practice. Keynote at UCLAN Social Enterprise Seminar.
2013 - Balance: A powerful on-line diagnostic tool. Commercialisation for Social Value Conference. New Economy Manchester. Westleigh Conference Centre. Preston.
2011 - Transforming NHS Service Provision: Examining the Role of Social Enterprise. Westminster Briefings. London
2011 - Added Value: Social Enterprises delivering public services. SENW, Wigan Recycles and TogetherWorks event. Manchester.
2011 - Myth or reality? The market for social innovation. Tea with the Prof, Centre for Enterprise. Manchester.
2010 - Supporting micro-providers in social care to evidence impact. ESRC Engage event. Manchester.
2010 - Analysing management capabilities and skills to compete in a market. Turning Point event. Manchester.
Conferences Organised 2006 - Critical Reflections on Social Enterprise. Manchester Metropolitan University Business School. Centre for Enterprise Seminar Series.
Expert reviewer for journals and publishers
Journal / Conference Reviewer for; International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, Social Enterprise Journal, International Small Business Journal, Voluntary Sector Review, Voluntas, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, International Small Business and Entrepreneurship (ISBE) Conference International Social Innovation Research (ISIRC) Conference.
2015 - Balance and Clarity Diagnostic Toolkits access for NW organisations. Sponsored by Social Enterprise North West. (January 2013 - January 2015).
2014 - UnLTD. The development of "Clarity Diagnostic for New Starts," Sponsored by UnLtd, (August 2014 - December 2014).
2013 - COOMPANION. Bull, M., "Balance workshop (Sweden)," Sponsored by COOMPANION – Kooperativ utveckling Stockholms län, (26 November 2013).
2010 - Community Catalysts Limited, undertaking mapping the impact of micro-providers in social care through personalisation.
2008 - Harrow College London, to design and develop a personal development tool for on-line analysis.
2008 - HEFCE - Mike and Helen Crompton from MMU delivered a research and strategic awareness project into Seedley and Langworthy Trust.
2008 - HEFCI - Mike and a third sector consultant Adrian Ashton. supported the development of six social enterprises in Greater Manchester with social accounting and auditing, strategic management and operations management issues.
2007 - ERDF/NWDA - Mike was the sub-regional leader for the two-year, ERDF and NWDA funded North West Into Enterprise Programme that rolled out across the region in 2007 in partnership between University of Cumbria, UCLAN, Voluntary Action Cumbria and MMU. IntoEnterprise provided free expertise and comprehensive programmes of support to new entrepreneurs across the North West, and aimed to help 110 businesses, offering access to business experts and coaching, online business skills training, advertising and promotional opportunities plus support. It was specially designed to help them maximise their potential and achieve fast track growth. It helped entrepreneurs in the private and community sectors with important preparation and planning in the early days of starting up and within the first year of trading. It was also aimed at entrepreneurs who have taken the NES programme run by MMU Business School and partner organisations across the region.
2005 - Learning in Social Enterprises. ESF funded research project. Bull, M. (Principal), "Balance 2," Sponsored by European Social Fund. (1 June 2005 - 31 December 2006).
2004 - Benchmarking Social Enterprises. ESF funded research project. Bull, M. (Principal), "Balance 1," Sponsored by European Social Fund (ESF). (1 January 2004 - 31 July 2005).
2002 - Improving the Competitiveness of SMEs. ERDF funded project.
2002 - Innovation & Change in the Clothing Industry. ESF funded research project. Bull, M. (Co-Principal), Banks, M. (Principal), "Innovation & change in the clothing industry," Sponsored by European Social Fund (ESF). (1 March 2001 - 31 March 2002).
2001 - The Impact of the Commonwealth Games in Manchester 2002; Initial Baseline study. UK Sport; UK Sports Council funded research project.
Engagement & Knowledge Exchange
Projects and initiatives
Mike is interested in organisational diagnostic toolkits for Social Enterprises & SMEs.
The Business Analysis Tools provide a fast and simple way to comprehensively analyse businesses. Developed particularly for social enterprises, SMEs the toolkits analyses where time and energy, or strengths and weaknesses are in organisations, potentially highlighting gaps in structure.
Diagnostics tools provide an innovative way of assessing core areas of social enterprise; Governance, Income Diversification, Stakeholder Perspectives, Multi-Bottom Line, Internal Activities, Learning, and Visioning.
As well as core areas of SMEs - Marketing, People, Innovation, Operations, Finance and Regulation.
As well as core areas of New Start Enterprises - Marketing, People, Operations, Finance, Regulations and Corporate Responsibility & Local Impact.
Best Paper in Hybridity, Governance and Organising Social Innovation Track, International Social Innovation Research Conference 2015.
Bull, M., Conceptualising Social Enterprise in the UK. 7th International Social Innovation Research Conference, University of York, York. 6th - 8th September 2015.
Best Paper in Social Innovation and Education Track, International Social Innovation Research Conference 2015.
Ridley-Duff, Bull, Cockman, R., Hurst, J, Bull, M and Gilligan, C., Developing a critical appreciative process to review frameworks for social enterprise education. In: International Social Innovation Research Conference, York Management School, 6th - 8th September 2015.
Best paper in Social Environmental Ethical Enterprise Track, International Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conference 2013.
Ridley-Duff, R., Bull, M., The FairShares Model: a communitarian pluralist approach to constituting social enterprises? International Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conference (Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship – ISBE), Cardiff. November 2013.
Best paper in Social Environmental Ethical Enterprise Track, International Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conference 2011.
Seanor, P., Bull, M and Baines, S., Context, Narratives, Drawings, & Boundary Objects: Where Social Enterprises Draw the Line. Conference Paper @ International Small Business and Entrepreneurship Conference. Sheffield. November 2011.
Expert reviewer for external funding bodies
Reviewer, Economic and Social Research Council.
Editorial board membership
Guest Editor and Reviewer, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior and Research (Special Issues 2008 and 2017)