The management of natural resources such as wildlife and fish comes under the broad heading of ecology. For an overview of the job role as an ecologist click here

For this sector, it is important to demonstrate your key attributes in your job applications:

The Job Market:

In this sector, you can work across industry and the not-for-profit sector so jobs and job titles will vary. For example:

It is important to read the job content rather than just the job title to decide if a job is suitable for you.


A significant proportion of jobs are found here. However, as many organisations rely on a large volunteer workforce, a good first step is for you to volunteer too. Paid roles often go to people already volunteering and demonstrating their commitment to the organisations’ values. 


You could find yourself working on projects alongside staff from diverse professional backgrounds. Your contribution may be in species identification skills.

Large Companies:

Some (often those with land interests) employ their own ecologist/conservationists. Knowledge of current issues, trends, legislation and how this affects the business is needed.

Top Tips:

This guide is broken up into the following sections:

Areas of work:

Nature Conservation:

This is a national and global sector and spans a number of industries. 

For an overview of the job roles in Nature Conservation, see: 

Top Tips:

Current Vacancies and Newsfeeds:


International Opportunities:

Habitat Management:

Managing habitats in national or country parks, wildlife trusts or in private estates to improve habitats is a popular area.  There are 12 national parks in England and Wales and two in Scotland.  Each has volunteering opportunities: https://nationalparks.uk/home 

Zoo Keeper:

As a zookeeper, your responsibility will be the welfare of animals kept in safari parks, zoos, petting farms, wildlife parks or other animal attractions open to the public.

For information on the role, click here

Key Websites:

Animal Care:

Animal Charities:

Animal Behaviour:

Veterinary Work:

To become a vet, you need a degree in Veterinary Science. There are four-year courses for which graduates can be accepted at The University of Edinburgh and The Royal Veterinary College. To become a Veterinary Nurse, you need either a degree in Veterinary nursing or a Level 3 Diploma in Veterinary Nursing. Getting funding for these could be difficult.


This is a small sector with the bulk of jobs in Scotland, including Fish Farming, Fisheries Inspectors, Water Bailiffs & Fisheries Scientists. Many in this sector are employed by consultancies or government agencies such as the Environment Agency, DEFRA and Local Authorities.

Animal Technicians:

A controversial area combining work with animals and scientific and medical research. The work is mostly rats and mice, but other species are also used. 

For an overview of the job role of Animal Technician, read: https://www.prospects.ac.uk/job-profiles/animal-technician


Science Museums, Zoos, Aquariums, Parks and Nature Centres all have roles for Education Officers. It is important to be a good communicator both orally and in writing, in order to communicate complex biological information to the public and write grant proposals to fund new programs and exhibits. 

For an overview of Environment Education roles, read https://www.prospects.ac.uk/job-profiles/environmental-education-officer


This sector involves finding sustainable solutions to problems in the built environment.

You could work alongside engineers, builders, architects and designers to look at the natural world to see how nature has solved a problem. Learn more about how biological research helps to inform societal issues via https://www.actionbioscience.org/

Environmental Consultancies:

Professional Bodies:

Journals, Magazines and Newspapers

Pressure Groups:

Careers and Employability Service Support:

The Careers & Employability Service offers a range of support to Manchester Metropolitan University students and recent graduates: 

Detailed careers guides
: Access our full range of informative career guides.

Ask a Careers Question Online: Get online advice through My Career Hub. Ask a question or submit an application to be reviewed any time, and receive support via email.  

Careers Consultant Appointments: Book a 30 minute appointment to discuss your career options or prepare for an upcoming interview with a member of the Science & Engineering Careers Team.

Science & Engineering Careers Drop-Ins: 11-1pm Mondays & 1-3pm Thursdays in the John Dalton Student Hub (term time only – no appointment necessary).

Science & Engineering CV Drop-In: Wednesdays 1-3pm in The Street, John Dalton Building (term time only – no appointment necessary).

For more information visit: mmu.ac.uk/careers.

Careers and Employability Support

We offer range of support services to Manchester Met students and graduates:

For more information visit mmu.ac.uk/careers