• Academic Biography

    Academic and professional qualifications

    May 2003 - Ph.D. Linguistics. The Role of the Question in Early Modern English Trial Proceedings: A corpus-based approach. Lancaster University.

    Sept 1998 - M.A. (Distinction) Language Studies: Stylistics. Lancaster University.

    Jun 1997 - B.A. Hons. (First Class) History and English Language. Lancaster University.

    Previous Employment

    With the University of Central Lancashire (UCLan) from Jan 2005 to July 2015.

    Sept 2011 - Awarded Professorship in Pragmatics and Corpus Linguistics.

    Oct 2007 - Awarded Readership in Corpus Linguistics. Became Research Lead (Linguistics).

    2006-2009 - Head of English Language and Linguistics.

    Jan 2005 - Employed as Lecturer in English Language and Linguistics.

    Nov 2004+ Consultancy work for UCLAN.

    With Lancaster University from 1998 to 2004.

    2002-2004 - Research Associate for EU-funded BENEDICT project (with Nokia and HarperCollins). Part of a team responsible for developing the semantic tagset, and the accompanying syntactic/semantic-based corpus search tools for an ’intelligent’ dictionary.

    2000-2002 - Research Assistant (p/t). National Teaching Fellowship Scheme (NTFS)-funded project. Responsible for designing/part-developing interactive web-based stylistics course for 1st year undergraduates, and promoting interest in an experiment to determine ‘the effectiveness of WWW-based stylistic teaching’.

    1999-2000 - Research Assistant for AHRB-funded project. Responsible for developing and implementing a sociopragmatic annotation scheme to a sub-section of the Corpus of English Dialogues (e.g. 1640-1760).

    1998-1999 - Research Assistant for AHRB-funded project. Responsible for constructing the Corpus of English Dialogues 1560-1760 (CED), an electronic corpus of historical data of 1,000,000+ words, drawn from six text types (comedy drama, courtroom proceedings, prose fiction, witness depositions, language texts and handbooks in dialogue form).

  • Teaching & Research Supervision

    Postgraduate teaching

    Corpus and Lexcal Studies (unit leader)

    Interpersonal Communication CPD (unit leader)

    Technology CPD (unit leader)

    Research Project leader, for MSc in Communication, Behaviour and Credibility Analysis

    Postgraduate supervision (completed/in progress)

    I'm currently a consultant supervisor for six UCLan students, investigating: credibility and deception detection; representations of female serial killers; English spelling variation over time; cancer awareness messages; and anxiety/stress discourses in palliative care.

    I supervise PhD topics, at MMU, relating to, e.g., influence and negotiation, detecting fraud, and language and psychosis. I also supervise a number of influence and deception-related  MA topics at MMU.

    I am happy to supervise MA by Research students and PhD students undertaking projects that use pragmatics and/or corpus approaches to investigate forensic or professional contexts. I especially welcome projects that wish to explore (1) perceptions of credibility, (2) the use of face aggression or face enhancement, (3) deception, and/or (4) influence tactics in these contexts.

    External examiner roles

    External Examiner for

    - Liverpool University, September 2012-August 2016

    - Sheffield Hallam University (Work-based/independent studies) April 2008-2012.

    Visiting Researcher, Lancaster University (Oct 2016+)

    Visiting lecturer for:

    • Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland: giving master classes in ‘Exploring data with wmatrix3: focusing on existing studies’, ‘Using wmatrix3 for yourselves’ and ‘Capturing Pragmatic Phenomena: What and when to annotate?’, 19 & 20 May 2014.
    • Northwestern University, Chicago. Responsible for teaching a one week course, “Semantically tagging Shakespeare”, for a team of Classics students, and then supervising their tagging of Shakespeare, using a distance learning format, June 2004.
  • Research Expertise, Publications & Grants

    Research expertise

    My research specialisms include corpus linguistics, pragmatics, forensic linguistics and (critical) discourse analysis.

    My previous research has:

    • Led to the development of pragmatic annotation schemes.
    • Involved the development of corpus linguistic tools such as the VARD (a spelling-variant detector) and a historical semantic tagger (based on Wmatrix), with colleagues from Lancaster University.
    • Explored pragmatic/interactive features of language use – for example, speech acts, the interaction between questions and answers, facework (especially verbal aggression), and the role played by individual reality paradigms when communicating (and mis-communicating).

    More recently, I've been investigating the linguistic performance of emotion, credibility and deception in a range of contexts (public sector, commercial and professional). This includes work with the Emotional Intelligence Academy (EIA).

    I'm especially interested in the minutiae of human behaviour; how that behaviour might “pattern” within and across different activity types and cultures, in respect to linguistic and paralinguistic features; and its potential consequence(s) for effective communication.

    • Publications

      • Books (authored/edited/special issues)

        DE. Archer, K. Aijmer, A. Wichmann (2012). Pragmatics: An Advanced Resource Book. Routldedge.

        D. Archer, P. Grundy (2011). The Pragmatics Reader.

        D. Archer (2009). What's in a Word-list? Investigating Word Frequency and Keyword Extraction. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd..

        DE. Archer (2005). Historical Sociopragmatics: Questions and Answers in the English Courtroom (1640-1760). John Benjamins.

      • Refereed journal articles

        DE. Archer, B. Malory (2017). Tracing facework over time using semi-automated methods. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 22(1), pp.27-56.

        N. Cook, P. Dey, D. Archer, P. Egglestone (2016). OP05 Cancer awareness messages in the UK print media: a content analytical and corpus linguistic mixed methods study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 70(Suppl 1), pp.A9.1-A9.

        D. Archer (2015). Slurs, insults, (backhanded) compliments and other strategic facework moves. Language Sciences. 52, pp.82-97.

        D. Archer, C. Lansley (2015). Public appeals, news interviews and crocodile tears: an argument for multi-channel analysis. Corpora. 10(2), pp.231-258.

        D. Archer, P. Jagodziński (2015). Call centre interaction: A case of sanctioned face attack?. Journal of Pragmatics. 76, pp.46-66.

        D. Archer, M. Kytö, A. Baron, P. Rayson (2015). Guidelines for normalising Early Modern English corpora: Decisions and justifications. ICAME Journal. 39(1),

        D. Archer (2014). Historical Pragmatics: Evidence From The Old Bailey. Transactions of the Philological Society. 112(2), pp.259-277.

        (2013). Constructing a shared history, space and destiny: The children’s reader Udmurtia Forever with Russia. Pragmatics and Society. 4(2), pp.200-220.

        (2013). Introduction: A linguistic/discursive space for all?: Perspectives on minority languages and identity across Europe. Pragmatics and Society. 4(2), pp.127-136.

        DE. Archer (2013). Constructing the “ethnic other” in two history school books: re- colonialisation (Udmurtia) Versus de-colonialisation (Tatarstan). East-West.

        D. Archer (2011). Cross-examining lawyers, facework and the adversarial courtroom. Journal of Pragmatics. 43(13), pp.3216-3230.

        D. Archer (2011). Libelling Oscar Wilde: The case of Regina vs. John Sholto Douglas. Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture. 7(1),

        D. Archer (2011). Facework and im/politeness across legal contexts: An introduction. Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture. 7(1), pp.1-19.

        D. McIntyre, D. Archer (2010). A corpus-based approach to mind style. Journal of Literary Semantics. 39(2),

        A. Baron, P. Rayson, D. Archer (2009). Word frequency and key word statistics in historical corpus linguistics. International Journal of English Studies. 29(1), pp.41-68.

        DE. Archer, J. Culpeper (2009). Identifying key socio-pragmatic usage in plays and trial proceedings (1640-1760): An empirical approach via corpus annotation. Journal of Historical Pragmatics. pp.286-309.

        D. Archer (2007). Digital Humanities 2006: When Two Became Many. Literary and Linguistic Computing. 23(1), pp.103-108.

        T. Pilz, A. Ernst-Gerlach, S. Kempken, P. Rayson, D. Archer (2007). The Identification of Spelling Variants in English and German Historical Texts: Manual or Automatic?. Literary and Linguistic Computing. 23(1), pp.65-72.

        (2006). (Re)initiating strategies: Judges and defendants in Early Modern English courtrooms. Journal of Historical Pragmatics. 7(2), pp.181-211.

        SS. Piao, P. Rayson, D. Archer, T. McEnery (2005). Comparing and combining a semantic tagger and a statistical tool for MWE extraction. Computer Speech & Language. 19(4), pp.378-397.

        M. Short, D. Archer (2003). Designing a world-wide web-based stylistics course and investigating its effectiveness. Style. 37(1), pp.27-64.

        D. Archer (2002). “Can innocent people be guilty?”: A sociopragmatic analysis of examination transcripts from the salem witchcraft trials. Journal of Historical Pragmatics. 3(1), pp.1-30.

      • Chapters in books

        DE. Archer (2017). Impoliteness in legal settings. J. Culpeper, M. Haugh, D. Kadar. In: The Palgrave Handbook of Linguistic (Im)politeness. Palgrave Macmillan,

        DE. Archer (2017). Politeness. A. Barron, G. Yueguo, G. Steen. In: Routledge Handbook of Pragmatics. Routledge, pp.384-398.

        DE. Archer (2016). Data mining and word frequency analysis. G. Griffin. In: Research Methods for Reading Digital Data in the Digital Humanities. Edinburgh University Press, pp.72-92.

        DE. Archer (2014). Exploring verbal aggression in English historical texts using USAS: the possibilities, the problems and potential solutions. I. Taavitsainen, AH. Jucker, J. Tuominen. In: Diachronic Corpus Pragmatics. John Benjamins, pp.277-301.

        DE. Archer (2013). Tracing (and tagging!) language features in the historical English courtroom (1649-1856). F. Poppi, W. Cheng. In: The three waves of globalization: Winds of change in Professional, Institutional and Academic Genres. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp.2-22.

        DE. Archer (2013). Tracing the crime narratives within the Palmer Trial (1856): From the lawyer’s opening speeches to the judge’s summing up. C. Heffer, F. Rock, J. Conley. In: Legal-Lay Communication: Textual Travels in the Legal Process. Oxford University Press, pp.168-186.

        DE. Archer (2012). Assessing Garrow’s aggressive questioning style. G. Mazzon. In: English Historical Dialogue Studies. FrancoAngeli, pp.301-320.

        DE. Archer (2012). Corpus annotation: a welcome addition or an interpretation too far?. J. Tyrkkö, M. Kipiö, T. Nevalainen, M. Rissanen. In: Outposts of Historical Corpus Linguistics: From the Helsinki Corpus to a Proliferation of Resources. Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English eSeries,

        DE. Archer (2012). Pragmatics and Discourse in the Early Modern English Period. A. Bergs, L. Brinton. In: English Historical Linguistics. Mouton de Gruyter, pp.652-667.

        DE. Archer (2012). Data retrieval in a diachronic context: the case of the historical English courtroom. T. Nevalainen, EC. Traugott. In: The Oxford Handbook of the History of English. Oxford University Press,

        DE. Archer (2011). Theory and Practice in Pragmatics. In: Pragmatics Reader. Routledge,

        DE. Archer, D. Bousfield (2010). “See better, Lear”? See Lear better! A corpus-based pragma-stylistic investigation of Shakespeare’s King Lear. D. McIntyre, B. Busse. In: Language and Style. Palgrave, pp.183-203.

        DE. Archer (2010). The History of Speech Acts. In: Handbook of Historical Pragmatics. John Benjamins,

        DE. Archer (2010). A diachronic investigation of English Courtroom Practice. M. Coulthard, A. Johnson. In: A Handbook of Forensic Linguistics. Routledge, pp.185-198.

        DE. Archer, J. Culpeper, P. Rayson (2009). Love – ‘a familiar of a devil’? An Exploration of Key Domains in Shakespeare’s Comedies and Tragedies. In: What’s in a word-list? Investigating word frequency and keyword extraction. Ashgate, pp.137-158.

        DE. Archer (2009). Promoting the Wider Use of Word Frequency and Keyword Extraction Techniques. D. Archer. In: What’s in a word-list? Investigating word frequency and keyword extraction. Ashgate, pp.159-162.

        DE. Archer (2009). Does Frequency Really Matter?. D. Archer. In: What’s in a word-list? Investigating word frequency and keyword extraction. Ashgate, pp.1-16.

        J. Culpeper, D. Archer (2009). Is English spelling a problem? Can it easily be fixed?. J. Culpeper, F. Katamba, P. Kerswill, R. Wodak. In: English Language: Description, Variation and Context. Palgrave, pp.244-258.

        DE. Archer (2008). Pragmatic annotation. A. Lüdeling, M. Kytö. In: Corpus Linguistics: An International Handbook. Mouton de Gruyter, pp.613-641.

        J. Culpeper, D. Archer (2008). Requests and directness in Early Modern English trial proceedings and play-texts, 1640-1760. AH. Jucker, I. Taavitsainen. In: Speech Acts in the History of English. John Benjamins, pp.45-84.

        P. Rayson, D. Archer, A. Baron, N. Smith (2008). Travelling Through Time with Corpus Annotation Software. In: Corpus Linguistics, Computer Tools, and Applications - State of the Art. PALC 2007. Peter Lang, pp.29-46.

        DE. Archer (2008). Verbal aggression and impoliteness: related or synonymous?. D. Bousfield, M. Locher. In: Impoliteness in language. Mouton de Gruyter, pp.181-207.

        DE. Archer (2007). Computer-Assisted Literary Stylistics: The State of the Field. P. Sockwell. In: Contemporary Stylistics. Continuum, pp.244-256.

        DE. Archer (2007). Developing a more detailed picture of the Early Modern English courtroom: Data and methodological issues facing historical pragmatics. S. Fitzmaurice, I. Taavitsainen. In: Methods in Historical Pragmatics. Recovering speaker meaning and reader inference. Mouton de Gruyter, pp.185-218.

        DE. Archer (2006). Tracing the development of “advocacy” in two nineteenth century English trials. M. Dossena, I. Taavitsainen. In: Diachronic Perspectives on Domain-Specific English. Peter Lang, pp.41-68.

        DE. Archer, J. Culpeper (2003). Sociopragmatic annotation: New directions and possibilities in historical corpus linguistics. A. Wilson, P. Rayson, T. McEnery. In: Corpus Linguistics by the Lune: Studies in honour of Geoffrey Leech. Peter Lang, pp.37-58.

      • Conferences

        S. Piao, P. Rayson, DE. Archer, F. Bianchi, C. Dayrell, et al. M. El-Haj, R-M. Jiménez, D. Knight, M. Křen, L. Löfberg, RMA. Nawab, J. Shafi, PL. Teh, O. Mudraya. (2016). Lexical Coverage Evaluation of Large-scale Multilingual Semantic Lexicons. Slovenia,

    • Invited keynotes and conference contribution

      • Invited papers


        • Invited speaker. ‘Impression Management in the Early Modern English Courtroom’. A Symposium Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of A Corpus of English Dialogues 1560–1760. Mid-Sweden University. Sundsvall, Sweden, 21 & 22 April 2016.

        • Invited keynote speaker. 1st Poznań Historical Sociopragmatic Symposium: Context and Historical Pragmatics 20 years on …, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, May 15 2014.

        • Invited keynote speaker. I’WoDA’13 – Second International Workshop on Discourse Analysis: ‘Introducing Wmatrix3’ and ‘Discourse Analysis: Exploring Data with Wmatrix’.Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 19-21 June 2013.

        • Invited keynote speaker. CLAVIER 2011: ‘‘Tracking Language Change in Specialised and Professional Genres’, Modena, 24-26 November 2011 (‘The diachronic development of English courtroom practice’).

        • Invited keynote speaker. Helsinki Corpus Festival, Helsinki University, 28 September - 2 October 2011 (‘Corpus annotation: a welcome addition or an interpretation too far?’; see http://www.helsinki.fi/varieng/festival/programme.html).


        • Invited keynote speaker. (10th) International Symposium on Politeness:SymPol10. York St John
          University, 12–14 July 2017 (title TBC).

        • Invited speaker. 1-day Symposium in Honour of Professor Christian Kay. Glasgow University, 30 June 2017 (title TBC).

        • Invited participant. History of English (pragmatics) panel at the International Association of University Professors of English (IAUPE) Triennial Conference. University of London. 25-29 July 2016 (‘Mapping Hansard strategies through time and space’).

        • Presenter, Encyclopedia of Shakespeare’s Language AHRC-funded Project: Panel Meeting, Lancaster University, 27July 2016 (x3 - ‘Love tragedies vs. love comedies; Spelling variation and regularization’; ‘social tagging’). 

        • Participant. Linguistic, Impoliteness and Rudeness (LIAR) Conference, Manchester Metropolitan University 12-14 July 2016 (‘An argument for the co-construction of “customer service” experience‘, co-presented with P. Jagodzinski). 

        • Invited keynote speaker. Literature, Language and Linguistics Student Dissertation Conference 2016. UCLan. 2 March 2016 (‘Public appeals and crocodile tears’).

        • Invited speaker. Research Seminar Series. Herriot-Watt University – 14th October 2015. (Investigating pragmatic phenomena across cultures using corpus linguistic techniques: with a specific focus on facework’).

        • Invited speaker. Changing Attitudes to Cancer, UCLan Conference 10 September 2013 (‘The Linguistics of framing cancer: with a focus on some recent campaigns’).

        • Invited speaker. Lancaster University Pragmatics Summer School – 13th and 14th July 2013. (‘Capturing pragmatic phenomena; what and when to annotate’).

        • Invited plenary speaker. i-mean 'Language and Identity' conference at UWE, Bristol, 18-20 April 2013.

        • Invited speaker. Philological Society, St John’s, Cambridge, 9 June 2012 (‘Historical Pragmatics – Evidence from the Old Bailey’).

      • Invited roundtable discussions

        • Invited expert panel member. ‘Social Media in Influence - Niteworks Academathon’. Park Centre, Farnborough Aerospace Centre. 19 July 2016.

        • Invited speaker, Cardiff Roundtable in Sociolinguistics on Legal-Lay interaction: Legal-lay interaction in an historical context. Gregynog. Cardiff University. 23-25 July 2008.

        • Invited speaker, Text Mining for Historians: AHRC ICT Methods Network Workshop: “Corpus annotation and retrieval: an introduction” and “Introducing basic Corpus Linguistics techniques” (x3 sessions). University of Glasgow: 17-18 July 2007 (with Dr. P. Rayson).

        • Invited speaker, Oxford English Dictionary Forum: Teaching a computer to read Shakespeare: the problem of spelling variation. 21 June 2006, Oxford.

        • Invited participant. ‘Diachronic Speech Acts’. ESSE, London, 29 August – 2 September 2006.

        • Invited speaker, AHRC ICT Methods Network: Expert Seminar on Linguistics: Word Frequency and Keyword Extraction, 8 September 2005, Lancaster University.

    Conference organisation

    Co-organiser, Encyclopaedia of Shakespeare’s Language AHRC-funded Project: Panel Meeting, Lancaster University, 27July 2016

    Co-organiser, Linguistic, Impoliteness and Rudeness (LIAR) Conference, 12-14 July 2016, Manchester Metropolitan University.

    Co-organizer. ICAME-30 conference, 27-31 May 2009, Lancaster University.

    Co-organizer. Digital Resources in the Humanities (DRH) 2005 conference. September 2005, Lancaster University.

    Expert reviewer for journals and publishers

    Reviewer for Sage, Journal of Politeness Research, Journal of Pragmatics, International Journal of Speech Language and the Law, Corpora, Journal of Historical Pragmatics, Literary and Linguistic Computing, English Profile.


    £59,978.29 - May 2016-April 2019 - AHRC funding to create Encyclopedia of Shakespeare's
    Language. Grant Ref: AH/N002415/1. I am Co-I on this million-pound bid, and will be responsible for Volume II (Professor J. Culpeper, Lancaster University, is P-I).

    £59,306.00 - Jan 2014-April 2015 - AHRC/ESRC funding to study Semantic Annotation & Mark-up for Enhancing Lexical Searches (SAMUELS), focusing on tracing “aggression” over time/across genres. Part of larger bid - £502,636.50 - with Universities of Glasgow, Huddersfield, Lancaster and Strathclyde (grant reference AH/L010062/1).

    £2,382 - Jan 2012 - Uppsala University (Sweden) grant funding to VARD the Corpus of (= 25,300 kr) English Dialogues (for Prof. Kyto).

    99,938 euros - 2006-2008 - INTAS funding to study Linguistic and Ethnic Revival in Russia: From Policy to Cultural Diversity. Co-bidder with C. Williams (History, UCLAN)

    £4,996 - July 2006 - AHRC ICT Methods Network funding to hold Workshop on Historical Text Mining. Co-organiser (with Dr Rayson, Lancaster) [see http://ucrel.lancs.ac.uk/events/htm06/]

    £7,369 - May 2005-Aug 2005 - Small Research Grant, British Academy: 'Scragg revisited: A quantitative investigation of spelling across the centuries’.

    £200 - Aug 2005 - Overseas Conference Grant, British Academy.

    £16,885 - 2004-2005 - Unlocking the Word Hoard, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Co-applicant (with Prof. Mueller, Northwestern University, USA).

  • Engagement & Knowledge Exchange
  • Awards, Honours & Distinctions

    Expert reviewer for external funding bodies

    Reviewer for HERA – Humanities in the European Research Area - Joint Research Programme (JRP) “Cultural Encounters”, November 2012.

    Reviewer for the Digging into Data Challenge, July-Sept 2011 (http://www.diggingintodata.org/).

    Reviewer for Sage, Journal of Politeness Research, Journal of Pragmatics, International Journal of Speech Language and the Law, Corpora, Journal of Historical Pragmatics, Literary and Linguistic Computing, English Profile.

    Member of ESRC Peer Review College, 2010+

    Editiorial Board membership

    Co-editor, Journal of Historical Pragmatics