BA (Hons) War and Society

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This course is now closed for applications for 2019 entry.

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War has been central to the human story for thousands of years. Just as it has destroyed lives and ended empires, it has shaped society, influenced culture and driven politics.

From the warrior societies of ancient Greece, to the Crusader states of medieval Europe, to the ‘total’ wars of the twentieth century, humans have waged war. Throughout the ages, human societies have persistently organised themselves to fight – toppling rulers, invading neighbours and forging empires.

With this course, you’ll have the chance to explore armed conflict and its influence in our social, cultural and political development. You’ll seek out and analyse different perspectives on its role, place and purpose in societies around the world and across different eras.

With such a wide-ranging impact throughout history, there’s a diverse selection of units on offer, allowing you to pursue your own passions within the subject – from classical to modern, and from civil war to international conflict.

This course has a Foundation Year available.

Features and Benefits

Career Prospects

Graduates may be employed in a wide range of industries including: museums, galleries, heritage sites/historic houses, The National Trust, heritage organisations and charities, record offices, archives, building conservation, horticulture and nature conservation, national and local government, libraries and universities.

Learn more about graduate careers

Entry requirements

UCAS tariff points/grades required


Minimum 112 UCAS Tariff points from three A Levels or equivalent (such as BTEC National Extended Diploma at Level 3 DMM or Advanced Diploma).


Specific GCSE requirements

GCSE English Language at grade C or grade 4. Equivalent qualifications (eg. Functional Skills) may be considered

Non Tariffed Qualifications

106-112 UCAS Tariff Points from Access to HE Diploma in a relevant subject with at least 45 credits at Level 3

International Baccalaureate points


IELTS score required for international students

6.0 with no element below 5.5

There’s further information for international students on our international website if you’re applying with non-UK qualifications.

Course details

In Year One, you will focus on a variety of historical periods and themes to introduce you to the academic study of the past. This will include units called The Rise of Persecuting Society, which examines the long history of violence and persecution in human civilisation, and Europe in Turmoil: 1900-1939, which looks at the world that made, and was destroyed by, the First World War. You will then choose one unit from Aspects of World History and one unit for From the Medieval to the Modern.

Read more about this year of study

Core Units

Europe in Turmoil 1900-1939

The momentous events of the early twentieth century have profoundly shaped the modern world. These years were dominated by the First World War and as new nations rose and old empires fell, societies and communities were also transformed. You will study this pivotal period in all its dimensions; statesmen and diplomats rub shoulders with wild-eyed revolutionaries, militant campaigners for women's rights and war-weary soldiers. 

The Rise of the Persecuting Society

From the city streets of ancient Greece and the amphitheatres of Rome, via medieval inquisitions, witch-hunts and crusades, to modern conflict driven by religion, race and ideology, this challenging unit charts the dark history of persecution and explores how it has shaped, and continues to shape the human experience.

Unit Choice 1 - War and Society

You will choose one unit from the following options

Introduction to Ancient History

This unit introduces you to the fascinating world of classical antiquity, and will focus particularly on both Classical Greece and Republican and Imperial Rome. The aim of the unit is not only to immerse you in the vibrant world of antiquity, to bring its classical civilisations to life, but also, through the textual, iconographic and material evidence those cultures left behind, to provide you with the skills required for further study of the ancient world.

This course is split into three distinct blocks, each designed to introduce students to one aspect of ancient history. In the first block, students will be introduced to the fascinating world of ancient Greece. The second block of the unit explores Gaeco-Roman Egypt. In block three we move on to Rome. 

North America from Columbus to Civil War

In November 2012, the United States decided its first black president deserved a second term of office. This unit will help you to understand the history behind this momentous event. It focuses on the history of North America from the period of the first white contact through to the end of the Civil War in 1865. You will explore why white Europeans wanted to cross the Atlantic initially and look at the factors that determined the nature of colonies such as Virginia, Massachusetts and South Carolina, and their relationship with Britain. The other themes within this unit are American Independence and the creation of the United States, along with Slavery and the coming of the Civil War.

Unit Choice 2 - War and Society

You will choose one unit from the following options

Metropolis: The Making of the Modern City

The city is an inseparable part of modern life. As it was 200 years ago, the city is a place of innovation and change, a place where decisive developments happen first, affect a large number of people and often with breath-taking intensity and pace. The city therefore is a useful magnifier to study social, economic and cultural transformations of society close-up. This unit offers the exciting opportunity to study social history within a defined space and time - the metropolis and the long 19th century. As this history exists on our doorstep, visits and on-site lectures will be an integral part of this unit.

Myths of the Medieval and Early Modern World

There are lots of myths and misconceptions surrounding medieval and early modern history. The popular view is of a time of unfettered violence and warfare, where there was very little learning and most people were ignorant of the world around them. Everyone either followed the beliefs of the church or they were condemned as witches or heretics, but the Reformation swept this away by rejecting Catholicism, introducing reform and a new Humanist way of thinking. You will interrogate this period through four themes warfare and violence; religion and belief; gender and power; and learning, exploring what this world was really like. 

In Year Two you will further develop your historical skills via two specialist units: Empires in World History, which considers how imperial systems of power have shaped our world, and Europe, Nazism and War, which will extend your understanding of the impact of conflict in twentieth century Europe. You will also have the chance to choose an additional unit from Slavery and Civil War in America 1619-1877; Culture, Community and Conflict in Classical Greece; and From Manchuria to Hiroshima: The Second World War in Asia and the Pacific. You will also choose one further unit from an extensive list of options.

Read more about this year of study

Core Units

Europe, Nazism and War 1930-1945

An examination of European history emphasising the two key themes of the Nazi threat and the impact of global war on Europe. It explores the rise of Nazism, the nature of Nazi society, the effectiveness of propaganda and terror in consolidating the Nazi hold on power, the impact of war on the British home front, the Holocaust, the extent and impact of collaboration and resistance in Nazi occupied western Europe, both the dramatic German military victories and the factors that led to the defeat of Germany, resistance to Hitler in Germany and much more. 

Empires in World History

You will focus on historiography within a framework of empires and imperialism, from antiquity through to twentieth-century decolonisation. Areas of study might include Rome; the Mongols; Islamic imperialism; 'first contact' in the Americas and the 'Scramble for Africa'. With a particular focus on 'difference' and 'power' as central dynamics of empires throughout history, the course will ensure that subaltern studies and cultural approaches to understanding the past will be given equal priority to conventional political, diplomatic and economic interpretations. This unit is also designed to help prepare you for your independent study project in your final year.

Unit Choice 3 - War and Society

You will choose one option from the following units

Slavery and Civil War in America 1619-1877

In this unit, you will explore the notion that ideologies of race and the institution of racial slavery were the central dynamics of US history, from the colonial period, through the years of revolution and on to the ordeal of the Civil War. You will analyse the origins of those racial ideologies and the growth of slavery, the lived experiences of the enslaved (including their culture, their family lives and their capacity for resistance) and the debates about slavery and freedom that so profoundly shaped the new nation. You will then study the civil war that arose from the political and sectional conflicts over slavery's future and strive to understand how the United States endured the most devastating crisis in its history. 

Culture, Community and Conflict in Classical Greece

This unit explores the fascinating world of antiquity, concentrating particularly on the distinctive society and culture of Classical Greece. You will learn all about life in the ancient world, discovering in the process how the Greeks lived, loved, fought and feuded. You will look at their religion, politics, diplomacy, wars and conflicts, but also at the less prominent, but no less important, aspects of ancient society, like parties, prostitutes, and popular entertainment. As the course progresses, you will discover how the proud and fractious Greeks were eventually defeated and dominated by the mighty Macedonians, and how the Macedonians, in turn, were crushed and incorporated into the empire of the most successful city-state known to history: Rome.

From Manchuria to Hiroshima: The Second World War in Asia and the Pacific

The unit will provide a social, political and military history of the Pacific War from the Japanese attack on Manchuria in 1931 to the war tribunals held at Tokyo in 19461948. Topics include the rape of Nanking, the fall of Singapore, the Japanese occupation of Southeast Asia, Pearl Harbor and Midway, the Burma campaign, the US Navys island hopping campaign, and the politics of the bomb.

Option Units

The Victorians

This unit provides an introduction to the key social and economic and cultural institutions and changes in the long Victorian period. It examines the continuities and changes in the social and economic structure of Victorian Britain by focusing on industrialisation, class, gender and ethnicity. We will examine how historians have interpreted the society, and key areas to be examined will include:  demography and urbanisation; work and leisure; education; family, marriage and parenthood; sexuality and prostitution; childhood and youth; poverty and welfare; religious beliefs.

Engaging the Humanities and Social Science: Interdisciplinary Learning and Practice

This is an innovative cross-departmental unit which provides an opportunity to work in an interdisciplinary context alongside other students from a range of undergraduate programmes within the Humanities part of our Faculty.

Reel Histories: Documentary Films and Production in History

This unit offers you the opportunity to study the production of historical documentaries, both in theory and practice. You will learn to analyse the film documentary as history by critiquing examples of the genre, through formative exercises in the classroom, before moving on to develop the skills to script; film and edit a short historical documentary themselves. The unit will demand both mastery of the historical content and the necessary digital skills to produce the film in equal measure. 

Myths Lies and Legends: The American West

By drawing upon the methods and practices of cultural history, you will encounter, examine, and interrogate the ways in which the American 'West' has been discussed and depicted in various popular culture artefacts, including captivity narratives, dime novels, travel literature, art, photography, Wild West shows, films, and television. You will analyse these images and ideas within the context of their times and compare them with the historical experience of the West documented in academic historiography. The unit seeks to expose you to the extent to which the American 'West' was - and is - as much an imagined and invented collage of connected and occasionally competing 'myths' as it is a geographic region and/or lived experience. Aspects of the curriculum will be fluid in order to draw upon staff expertise and contemporary developments in the mythologisation of the West, but indicative content will include: The Frontier Myth, from Turner to JFK; Euro-American constructions of Native Americans as 'Red Indians' and 'Noble Savages'; 'Annie Get Your Gun': Cowboys, Cowgirls and the Gendered Frontier; Red, White, Black: Race in the West; Reservations, Preservation, and the Invention of 'Wilderness'; Custer's Last Stand and the Massacre at Wounded Knee; Gunslingers, Gunfighters and Outlaws; John Ford, John Wayne, and the Western in the Cold War; Western Iconography and American Politics; Not Disappeared: The American Indian Movement in the Twentieth Century. 

Latin Sources for Historians: From Rome to the Medieval World

Veni, Vidi, Vici! I came, I saw, I conquered! This phrase in Latin, famously pronounced by Julius Caesar, announced his victory over Pharnaces of Pontus in 47 BCE. It is the official language of the Romans, but it is also the language of the early Church Fathers and the legal and scientific writers of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance period, making Latin an extremely helpful tool in exploring these societies and cultures. Latin language infiltrates modern English – you may quote verbatim or expect a quid pro quo when you are compos mentis, or vice versa. It is the basis for most modern Romantic languages (Spanish, French, Italian), and learning it is one of the best ways to develop your linguistic skills and exercise your brain through a series of mental gymnastics. This unit will teach you Latin language in its historical contexts, at a level designed for absolute beginners with no prior language training. 

'The Clash of Civilisations': Islam and Christianity in the Medieval Mediterranean World

This course examines the medieval origins of the so-called clash of civilisations in the lands around the Mediterranean Sea, looking at the history of the medieval interaction between the Crescent and the Cross, beginning with the expansionist Muslim peoples proclaiming jihad and conquering Christian lands from the Levant to Iberia.

History in Practice
This unit enables you to experience the deployment of history outside the university, reflect on professional historical practice and complete a specific task focused assessment.
Women in Power in Early Modern Europe

This unit examines women who filled the highest roles in government and society in early modern Europe, starting with queenship and political power, but moving towards alternative means of expressing power that were increasingly available to elite women in the spheres of family, society, economics and learning. Particular emphasis is placed on the relationship between gender and power, and on contemporary conceptualisations of political culture and patronage.

The Spanish Civil War in History and Memory

The unit will examine the Spanish Civil War, aiming to understand not only the causes of the conflict but its legacy. It will be organised chronologically from 1900 to the debates surrounding the Historical Memory Law in the early 2000s. It will provide a detailed study of the political, social, cultural and economic aspects of Spanish history in the 20th Century. Amongst the themes explored will be the social struggles and debates about the nation in pre-war Spain, the Second Republic, the international dimensions of the Spanish Civil War, the evolution and toll of the conflict, the exile to Latin America, the portrayal of the conflict in literature and cinema, the development of Franco's regime and the role of the Spanish Civil War in the transition to democracy. These questions are central to an understanding of the larger issues that were perceived to be at stake during the civil war and continue to permeate Spanish society.

France, 1914-1968
The history of France from the 'Sacred Union' during the First World War to the mass revolt of May 1968. Explores politics, society and culture.  Contemporary France continues to feel the impact of the conflicts and divisions that developed during the early part of the twentieth century (from the Left-Right split to issues of national identity, cultural protection and secularism). 
From Revolt to Revolution: Imperial Russia, 1825-1917

This unit studies Imperial Russian History from the Decembrist Uprising in 1825 to the abdication of the last Romanov Tsar Nikolai II in 1917. The nature of Autocracy, its strengths and weaknesses, the Decembrist revolt, the development of political opposition and the debates surrounding Russia's historical destiny, the reforms of the mid C19th, economic modernisation, social developments, the 1905 Revolution and the post-1905 reforms, the impact of World War 1, the abdication of the Tsar and the end of the Romanov dynasty.

Indian and South Asian History from the Early Time to the Present Day

An introduction to South Asian (mainly Indian) history from the beginning to the late 20th century, concentrating on key periods, events and themes. The focus is on political and social history, though economic and cultural issues will be addressed as well. The course is structured chronologically and will concentrate on the important periods, events, figures and themes, introducing both principal sources and relevant historiographical debates.

The Struggle For Mastery: Medieval Britain, 1066-1317

This unit examines the political, religious and social history of England from the Conquest of 1066 to the deposition of Richard II. The Conquest of England in 1066; the reigns of the Kings of England; the growth of medieval English administration; English relations with France, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; the role of the English barons and the reasons for their dissatisfaction; the role of the Church; Church-State conflicts; the life of elite men and women; economic growth in England; urbanisation; the role of the Jews in England, and their expulsion in 1291.

Nazi State and Society
This unit covers an in-depth analysis of the Third Reich exploring how the state and society functioned in conditions of dictatorship, vicious racism and total war.
Revolution, Dictatorship and Freedom: Histories of Central Europe, 1918-2008

This unit covers an examination of the 20th century experience of Central Europe; from fascism to communism, to the freedoms of the 1990's. It examines the twentieth century experience of the people of Central Europe, from the end of the First World War until accession to the European Union. In particular, it take a comparative perspectives that considers a number of states, primarily Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Yugoslavia. In comparing these states, it examines, amongst others, the following themes; the impact of war (the Great War, Second World War, Yugoslav wars, etc), the impact of ideologies (fascism, liberalism, communism), the impact of revolution, both national and communist, the impact of social and economic change, the impact of inter-ethnic conflict, the impact of political leaders, such as Stalin.

Sex, Society and the Family, 1800-1960

This unit examines changing patterns of family life, sexual attitudes and practices in the past. Topics include sources and techniques, family relationships, childhood, gender roles, sexuality, sexual behaviour and its regulation.

Twentieth Century Britain: Society, Culture and Politics

This unit examines the key features of British society, culture and politics during the twentieth century. It aims to give you a detailed understanding of key themes in British culture, society and politics throughout the twentieth century. In particular it examines: the position of Britain at the beginning of the twentieth century; the British economy; the nature and development of political parties; the changing role of women; immigration and race relations; the advent of the welfare state; political consensus; the miners strike; Thatcher and Thatcherism; and the rise of New Labour.

Vox Pop! Everyday Voices from the Ancient World

This unit will focus on the lives and concerns of the other ninety-nine percent of the populations of the ancient Near East and Mediterranean: women; the oppressed; the poor; the enslaved; children; the aged; religious minorities; non-citizens; foreigners; migrants; and refugees. We will consider historical approaches to a range of themes and topics, including popular culture and entertainment, sex and sexuality, gender, the body, poverty, enslavement, and oppression. You will make use of methodological frameworks, such as feminist approaches, gender studies, Queer theory, and subaltern studies to help you frame your study of ordinary people within an academic approach to cultural, political and gendered activities and constructs. You will work with a broad range of source material, including: Greek and Roman art and vase paintings; Near Eastern art and objects; Greek and Latin epic, poetry, satire, drama and prose; Egyptian papyri; inscriptions and documents; graffiti; material artefacts. 

Between the Sheets: Sex and Sexuality from Antiquity to the Present

This unit will put sex and sexuality at the centre of historical inquiry. We will learn how people from across the expanses of time and geography, from Ancient Egypt to Interwar Germany, have understood themselves, their bodies and their desires.

In Year 3, the most important element is the independent project which allows you to focus on the subject area of your choice and which is often based on original source materials. In order to achieve the BA (Hons) War and Society you must choose two options from a range of relevant units, currently including Holocaust: Destruction of European Jewry; British India, 1757-1947; Romans and Barbarians: The Roman Empire in Western Europe; The Cold War, 1945-91; Cold War Mentalities; Wars of the Roses; Edwardian Britain and the First World War; War, Welfare and Depression; The Crusades; Warrior Societies. You will then choose a further option from the rest of the list.

Read more about this year of study

Core Units

Independent Project

A negotiated assessment, which takes one of several forms: for example a 10-12,000 word dissertation, a historical project in partnership with an outside organisation, or a product resulting from a work placement scheme (e.g. a museum).

Option Units

Wars Without End: Civil Wars and Revolutions in the Twentieth Century

The unit will consist of chronologically-ordered case studies, with a broad scope addressing different geographical areas, and events related to the phenomena of civil war and revolution through 20th Century history. The syllabus will be flexible to allow for the future incorporation of new advancements in the area, but indicative content might include the Mexican and Cuban revolutions, Ireland 1916, the Russian, Spanish and Greek civil wars, the cultural revolution in China, the Prague Spring, Berlin 1989, revolutionary Iran. With a particular focus on the connections between civil war and revolution, the course will provide students with the opportunity to explore the possibilities of comparative history for a better and more nuanced understanding of the past. The unit will allow for the identification of similarities, differences and transnational connections among different events and nations. 

A Queer History of the Twentieth Century

This unit asks: how have the experiences, interpretations and self-understandings of gays and lesbians changed since 1900?

By placing queer sexualities in their relevant social and political context, this unit offers an excellent example of how historical change operates in both a 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' manner. You will learn that queer history, and more widely, histories of sexuality and gender, is no niche matter, but a field that can open windows onto central issues of twentieth century history. For example, we will consider: the consequences of urbanisation and rising affluence; the role of World War on community formation; the appeal of nationalism; the changing roles of science and medicine; how sexual 'deviance' came to be associated with both communism and fascism; the relationship between commerce and politics; the rise of human rights, and the impact of globalisation. 

The World of Graeco-Roman Egypt

This unit offers students one of the ancient world’s greatest civilizations, under the rule of another: Egypt in the Roman empire. Egypt’s history of great pyramids, temples and pharaohs lived on in its culture and politics and, by the time Augustus annexed it onto the Roman Empire in 31BCE, its population was more culturally and ethnically diverse than ever before. Egypt’s unique papyrological and archaeological sources provide a window through which we can observe social, economic, political and cultural processes up to the Coptic and monastic Christian communities -- from the 1stto the 5th centuries CE. We will study a range of papyri (translated into English), visual, monumental and literary evidence for everyday life and interaction between social groups and the Roman State. Through Roman Egypt you will explore central themes in ancient history: death, cultural interactions, the city, social status, sex and sexuality, economy, religion, magic and medicine, gender, the body, Christianity and monasticism. We will touch on the related disciplines of papyrology and Egyptology, incorporating visits to the Egypt collection at Manchester Museum and the papyrus collection at John Rylands Library, Deansgate – for tours and talks from colleagues working with the material at those sites. 

A Women’s History of North America: From Pocahontas to Present Day

This unit studies a women's history of North America from colonial times up to present day. It will explore the diversity of women's lives in the context of key events, issues and themes such as slavery, war and social reform movements. 

Romans and Barbarians: The Roman Empire in Western Europe

This course explores the complex and fascinating world of Rome and its barbarian neighbours from the early days of the Republic to the fall of the Roman Empire in the West. Looking at the politics, warfare, trade and social life of the Empire, both in Rome and the Western provinces as they were conquered and developed over four centuries.

The Motor Car and British Society

This unit considers the role of the motor car and associated industries in the major social, cultural and political changes in Britain in the twentieth century. It discusses how the motor car moved from reviled plaything of the rich to a mass produced banality. In doing so, there are likely to be five thematic blocks: motoring for the few in a changing society; making and driving cars; mass motoring; motoring and the built environment; pollution, environment and looking to the future. 

History and the Politics of Belonging

The purpose of the unit is to enable you to understand and engage with debates about citizenship and belonging within modern society. You will consider a variety of theoretical approaches to the study of citizenship, investigate how identities of citizenship intersect with those of nation, race, class, and gender, and examine historical case studies that illuminate the practice of citizenship in Europe, the United States, and the wider world. You will also explore the potential ways immigration, multiculturalism, ideas of post-nationalism, globalisation and glocalization may be transforming our understanding of citizenship, especially by detaching the concept from an exclusive grounding in the nation-state. 

Apocalypse Now? The End of the World in the West 1640 – Present

This unit examines the development of apocalyptic worldviews in Britain and the United States from the 1640s to the present, and their impact on politics, warfare, religion and popular culture.

War, Welfare and Depression: Social Change in Britain, 1921-1951

This course explores social, cultural and political change during one of the most pivotal moments in the history of modern Britain. You will begin in the great depression, an age of austerity where unemployment, poverty and political turbulence dominated, yet also where many were more affluent than they had ever been. As well as considering this paradox, you will look at the inter-war economy, living standards, health, and the social and psychological consequences of depression. You will then spend a large part of the course examining the impact of the Second World War domestically, in particular, the social and cultural changes it brought about. The course concludes with an examination of post-war British society. You will consider the issues of planning a post-war world, assessing both physical and social reconstruction and the introduction of the welfare state. 

Revolutions in Britain and France, 1660-1815

This unit will compare these two revolutionary events, as well as the period in between known as the Enlightenment, in an effort to understand how and why European society went through such rapid and sometimes violent change, and how it might still affect our world today. The first half of this unit looks in detail at the development of contrasting forms of government in England and France: the myths and realities of absolutism under Louis XIV, and the rise of limited monarchy and political parties under the late Stuarts.  The second half of the unit focuses on reactions to these changes in both Britain and France, including the convulsions of the middle of the century that led to both countries losing influence in North America.  The final weeks will be devoted to the French Revolution itself, the shift from a moderate to a radical revolution, the creation of the First Republic, the reactions of the British establishment, and the emergence of the dictatorship of Napoleon Bonaparte.

A Special Relationship? The United States and Britain in the Twentieth Century

Commentators have often observed that the United States and Great Britain have a `Special Relationship', but what do they mean by this and has it ever been true during the twentieth century? The period witnessed seismic shifts in the balance of world power and dramatic change in the relative position of the United States and Great Britain to each other and to other nations. The course tracks the course of diplomatic, political and military relations between the two countries from the rapprochement of the late nineteenth century, through the period of the two Worlds Wars, to the Cold War and beyond.

The Wars of the Roses

This course looks at the civil war in England between the houses of York and Lancaster from c.1455-1485, and the rise of the Tudor claimant to the throne, the future Henry VII. Charting the rise and fall of the Lancastrians, the origins and impacts of the wars and the contribution of women to the Wars.

Warrior Societies: War and Combat in Classical Greece

This course explores the harsh and violent societies of Classical Greece, focusing particularly on her two leading city-states, militaristic Sparta and democratic Athens, as well as the long and bloody wars they waged against each other for control of Greece and Asia Minor. We will learn how Greek warriors, who survived, indeed thrived, in one of the harshest geo-political environments known to history, fought, thought and lived. We will join them in combat against the Persians, against the Macedonians, against the Egyptians, and of course, against each other. We will see how war shaped Classical Greece, how it informed politics, gender relations, and religion. Finally, by the end of the course, well discover how the Greek way of war, conceived in the crucible of classical Greece, remains very much alive, and how it continues to shape not only the organisation of modern Western armies, but also how they fight. 

Prohibition to the Swinging Sixties: American Society and Culture 1918-1969

You will focus on the social and cultural history of the United States since the First World War, especially 1918-1969, based on in-depth analysis of primary sources. You will cover topics like the Ku Klux Klan; prohibition and the link to crime and the rise of the gangster; the Great Crash of 1929; urban America; music from jazz to psychedelic rock; campaigns for rights for blacks, Native Americans and women; and US involvement in the Second World War, Korea and the Vietnam War.

Holocaust: The Destruction of European Jewry

A study of Nazi persecution of the Jews between 1933 and 1945, it includes the decision-making process, the switch to genocide, the mentality of the killers, Jewish responses and the role of rescuers.

Latin American Politics

This unit offers both a historical background to, and analysis of, contemporary Latin American politics. The unit is in two sections: the first offers discussion of the institutions, processes and key factors which influence Latin American politics and the second offers in-depth analysis of individual Latin American countries.

Youth in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

This unit covers an introduction to the history of youth in Britain, from 1800 to the 1990s. A range of topics are explored through case studies, key readings and primary materials. It will introduce students to various historiographical debates and the theoretical problems of defining youth and adolescence. Themes explored include images of youth and changing ideas of adolescence; Victorian and Edwardian youth culture; courtship and sexual relationships; gender differences; schooling; uniformed youth movements; moral panics; gangs and delinquency; the inter-war expansion of leisure culture and growth of the commercial youth market; post-war sub-cultures and popular music; youth culture and Americanization; debates over the emergence of the first 'teenagers'; the generation gap; youth rebellion and counter-cultures; 'race', ethnicity and youth; changing media representations; the lengthening of adolescence.

Tudor England: 1485-1603
This unit combines a detailed study of Tudor history through a range of primary sources. You will cover a range of key themes and developments in Tudor England, while gaining an appreciation of the primary sources upon which recent historiography is based. You will use a number of primary documents, provided by the tutor, to explore a number of key topics including: Henry VII and the end of the wars of the roses; Henrician Reformation; acephalous politics; nation building in Tudor England; the gloriana cult; renaissance 'self-fashioning'; Mary I and the Spanish empire.
The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union, 1917-1991
This unit examines the Bolshevik Revolution, the creation and development of soviet socialism and the collapse of the USSR.  It covers topics such as Lenin and the Bolsheviks, the October-November 1917 revolution, the creation of the soviet state, the USSR as a revolutionary society, the debates and power struggles in the 1920s, Stalin and Stalinism, De-Stalinisation, Soviet society, Neo-Stalinism and Stagnation, Gorbachev and Perestroika, explaining the end of the USSR.
Edwardian Britain and the First World War

This unit examines the state of Edwardian society and politics. This is followed by a study of the Great War itself and the various ways in which it impacted on Britain. 

Cold War Mentalities
The unit explores the 'home fronts' of the Cold War in the 1950s showing how the conflict impacted on society, culture and mentalities. It seeks to explore the ways in which the Cold War made an impact on society, popular culture, gender and sexuality in both East and West.
The Cold War, 1945-1991

This unit examines the causes, nature and impact of the Cold War between the two superpowers, the USA and the USSR, from the end of World War II to the collapse of the USSR. Topics include: the origins of the Cold War; the Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam conferences, the Atomic bomb and the arms race; the two superpowers and their allies; the Korean War; the Cuban Missile Crisis; Ostpolitik and Détente; the New (Second) Cold War; Superpower rivalry in the 1970s and 1980s; Reagan and the Evil Empire; Gorbachev and his New Thinking on foreign policy; the end of the Cold War.

British India, 1757-1947: a Conquest and its Consequences

A study of the history of British India (1757 to 1947) including Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and Burma (Myanmar) in the context of the British Empire, covering both major events in a chronological order and selected important general themes.

The Crusades, 1095-1291

This unit explores the key themes in the crusading movement and its impact on both Medieval Europe and the Holy Land. It examines the origins, development and key characteristics of the Crusades and analyses a range of diverse but interlocking themes: the establishment of the Crusader States; the relationship between faith and violence; medieval concepts of tolerance and the 'other'; motivations for crusading, and how diverse communities of Christians, Muslims and Jews interacted.

Assessment weightings and contact hours

10 credits equates to 100 hours of study, which is a combination of lectures, seminars and practical sessions, and independent study. A 3 year degree qualification typically comprises of 360 credits (120 credits per year). The exact composition of your study time and assessments for the course will vary according to your option choices and style of learning, but it could be:


Placement options

All history students, whichever degree route you have chosen, can spend their second year on an exchange abroad.  You will spend the full academic year at your chosen institution and there are a wide-range of universities to choose from in Australia and the United States. 

Department of History, Politics and Philosophy

Our Department of History, Politics and Philosophy offers programmes of study alongside a thriving research culture, emphasising a student-centred approach to learning.

With interdisciplinary strengths in many areas, the department takes pride in its approach to research-led teaching and being able to provide opportunities for students to work with academics at the forefront of their disciplines.

More about the department

Taught by experts

Your studies are supported by a team of committed and enthusiastic teachers and researchers, experts in their chosen field. We also work with external professionals, many of whom are Manchester Met alumni, to enhance your learning and appreciation of the wider subject.

Meet our expert staff


Foundation Year students

UK, EU and Channel Island students: Full-time Foundation Year fee: £9,250 per year for the foundation year. This tuition fee is agreed subject to UK government policy and parliamentary regulation and may increase each academic year in line with inflation or UK government policy for both new and continuing students.

Non-EU international students: Full-time Foundation Year fee: £14,500 per year. When progressing from the pre-degree foundation year to the linked degree. Tuition fees will remain the same for each year of your course providing you complete it in the normal timeframe (no repeat years or breaks in study)

UK, EU and Channel Island students

UK, EU and Channel Island students: Full-time fee: £9,250 per year. This tuition fee is agreed subject to UK government policy and parliamentary regulation and may increase each academic year in line with inflation or UK government policy for both new and continuing students.

UK, EU and Channel Island students: Part-time fee: £2312.50 per 30 credits studied per year. This tuition fee is agreed subject to UK government policy and parliamentary regulation and may increase each academic year in line with inflation or UK government policy for both new and continuing students.

Non-EU international students

Non-EU international students: Full-time fee: £14,500 per year. Tuition fees will remain the same for each year of your course providing you complete it in the normal timeframe (no repeat years or breaks in study).

Non-EU international students: Part-time fee: £3625 per 30 credits studied per year. Tuition fees will remain the same for each year of your course providing you complete it in the normal timeframe (no repeat years or breaks in study).

Additional Information

A degree typically comprises 360 credits, a DipHE 240 credits, a CertHE 120 credits, and an integrated Masters 480 credits. The tuition fee for the placement year for those courses that offer this option is £1,850, subject to inflationary increases based on government policy and providing you progress through the course in the normal timeframe (no repeat years or breaks in study). The tuition fee for the study year abroad for those courses that offer this option is £1,385, subject to inflationary increases based on government policy and providing you progress through the course in the normal timeframe (no repeat years or breaks in study).

Part-time students may take a maximum of 90 credits each academic year.

Additional costs

Specialist Costs

All of the books required for the course are available from the library. The University also has PC labs and a laptop loan service. However, many students choose to buy some of the core textbooks for the course and/or a laptop. Students may also need to print their assignments and other documents. Campus printing costs start from 5p per page. Estimated costs are £300 for a laptop up to £100 each year for books and printing.

Placement Costs

Some units include visits to historic sites, but in all instances these are free (eg they involve walking tours and/or visits to local museums which have free entry). There are no compulsory field trips or study tours on the BA History programme. Students can choose to engage in various optional extra-curricula activities, including visits to regional/national heritage sites, a European tour, or a summer archaeological dig. Costs for these activities are kept as low as possible, and where tours/trips are organised in conjunction with the History Society students can choose to pay via their Met card. The overall cost of these activities ultimately depends on the choices made by the student - ie choosing to be involved in multiple trips/activities each and every year will obviously incur more expense than involvement in just one selected activity. The estimate of optional costs thus assumes someone who has voluntarily involved themselves in all optional activities, at each year.

Professional Costs

Students are encouraged to join the MMU History Society and/or the MMU Ancient History and Classics Society. But this is entirely optional. Membership fees for both organisations are very reasonable, in line with MMU Union policy.

Other Costs

Students who choose to take the Year Two placement unit (History in Practice) may have to arrange travel to their placement location, but the costs of this are met by the History programme.


Find out more about financing your studies and whether you may qualify for one of our bursaries and scholarships.

Money Matters

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How to apply

This course is no longer available through clearing.

Check out our undergraduate prospectus to find a list of other courses we have available.

Check out our Clearing section to find a full list of courses we have available.

You can review our current Terms and Conditions before you make your application. If you are successful with your application, we will send you up to date information alongside your offer letter.


Programme Review
Our programmes undergo an annual review and major review (normally at 6 year intervals) to ensure an up-to-date curriculum supported by the latest online learning technology. For further information on when we may make changes to our programmes, please see the changes section of our Terms and Conditions.

Important Notice
This online prospectus provides an overview of our programmes of study and the University. We regularly update our online prospectus so that our published course information is accurate. Please check back to the online prospectus before making an application to us to access the most up to date information for your chosen course of study.

Confirmation of Regulator
The Manchester Metropolitan University is regulated by the Office for Students (OfS). The OfS is the independent regulator of higher education in England. More information on the role of the OfS and its regulatory framework can be found at

All higher education providers registered with the OfS must have a student protection plan in place. The student protection plan sets out what students can expect to happen should a course, campus, or institution close. Access our current Student Protection Plan.